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Doctor's Thoughts

Orthotic Insoles & Foot Problems by Dr. Samah Elshaikh M.D.

Say No to Foot Problems

Feet are key support systems for our bodies, yet they get the least amount medical attention. Often back and knee pain are due to postural imbalances of the body caused by the foot. The foot consists of 26 bones, 33 joints and is layered with 120 muscles, ligaments and nerves. Feet are the foundation for our bodies however when a patient suffers from back pain or knee pain they are often ignored.

Almost 70% of the population suffers from various degrees of flat feet. Flat feet are caused when the arch of the foot collapses. If one has a flat foot one tends to roll the foot inwards which is known as over pronation, this may cause pain around the heel, knee or lower back. If one has a high arch foot, common to have supinated (under pronation) foot. This creates pressure on the outer border while walking. This may result in ankle-sprains, ligaments tears and other imbalances that lead to knee or lower back pain.


We often buy shoes based on appearance or brand names without considering whether we need shoes that correct over pronation or supination. People with diabetes can benefit from special insoles and prevent damage to their feet due to impaired sensation (peripheral neuropathy).

The most important factors one should consider while selecting correct footwear are:

  • Foot Length
  • Foot Width
  • Arch Length

Most shoes only fit your foot length. Some shoes take your foot width into account. No shoe can accurately fit your arch length or account for excess weight or factors such as loss of sensation due to diabetes. Today, some branded shoes may include “arch support inserts/insoles.”  They are not customized or custom made to personal requirements and as such they adopt “a one size fits all” approach.

If your back, knees or feet hurt, you may be experiencing the side-effects of years of wearing
ill-fitting shoes that aren’t supportive for you.

At Emirates Rehab and Homecare we are providing Orthotic Insoles in Muscat and we proud to introduce our latest Insole Technology from France. We strive to bring relief from pain caused by various pathologies due to abnormal foot mechanics. This technology can correct postural  imbalances and is very useful in the prevention of corns and callosities as a result of high plantar pressure. The insoles are also useful for the prevention of foot ulcers in high risk diabetic patients.

Specific insole modules are generated as per the requirements of the person. The insole is then moulded by a specialized machine. These customized insoles can be directly inserted to shoes with immediate benefits .

Custom made Emirates Rehab and Homecare Insoles are suitable for:

  • Athletes
  • Diabetic Patients
  • Flat Feet, Plantar Fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis, Osteo-Arthritis, Heel and Calf Pain
  • Incorrect Foot Posture
  • Comfortable and Effective Walking or
  • Running